The making of an interim Anti-Social Behaviour Order not on notice was not an infringement of the subject’s human rights, since the order was limited in time and subject to review by the courts. However, ‘The more intrusive the order the more the court will require proof that it is necessary that it should be … Continue reading Regina (M) v Secretary of State for Constitutional Affairs and Lord Chancellor: CA 18 Mar 2004
The magistrates had been taking a deposition, and ordered police officers to be excluded from court. Held: The witness sought not to have to answer questions on the ground that he would be incriminated by his answers. Magistrates should not accept a claim for privilege without investigation. It was insufficient also to accept that this … Continue reading Regina (Crown Prosecution Service, Greater Manchester) v Bolton Justices: QBD 31 Oct 2003
Citations:  EWHC 2385 (Admin) Links: Bailii Statutes: Crime and Disorder Act 1998 1 Jurisdiction: England and Wales Criminal Sentencing, Magistrates Updated: 08 June 2022; Ref: scu.187313
The defendant had been sentenced for offences of violence, but an additional period was imposed to protect the public. He had been refused leave for reconsideration of that part of his sentence after he completed the normal segment of his sentence. He wanted a consideration which would parallel the new won rights of review for … Continue reading Giles, Regina (on the Application of) v Parole Board and Another: HL 31 Jul 2003
An application for an anti-social behaviour order against an individual was a civil, not a criminal proceeding. The standard of evidence required was on the balance of probability; the civil standard. Such proceedings were not subject to the additional protection of the human rights convention. Necessarily, the circumstances from which protection was sought were ones … Continue reading Regina v Manchester Crown Court, ex parte McCann and others: QBD 22 Nov 2000
On an application for an interim anti-social behaviour order, the court must consider whether the application for a final order has been properly made. Judges: Kennedy LJ Citations:  1 All ER 531 Statutes: Crime and Disorder Act 1998 Jurisdiction: England and Wales Cited by: Cited – Manchester City Council v Muir and Another CA … Continue reading B v Secretary of State for Constitutional Affairs and the Lord Chancellor: CA 2003
The police were not under any duty to protect someone who had been arrested from injuring himself in an attempt to escape. The claimant had a history of seeking to avoid capture by jumping from his flat window. On this occasion he injured himself in the fall. The doctrine of ex turpi no oritur actio … Continue reading Vellino v Chief Constable of Greater Manchester Police: CA 31 Jul 2001
Patient transfer policy was unlawful The claimants had relatives who died in care homes early in the COVID-19 pandemic. They said that the policy of moving patients from hospitals to care homes without testing had contributed to the deaths, and many others, and had been unlawful. The respondents said that at the time it was … Continue reading Gardner and Another, Regina (on The Application of) v Secretary of State for Health and Social Care and Others: Admn 27 Apr 2022
Limitation of Loss from Negligent Mis-statement The plaintiffs sought damages from accountants for negligence. They had acquired shares in a target company and, relying upon the published and audited accounts which overstated the company’s earnings, they purchased further shares. Held: The duties of an auditor are founded in contract and the extent of the duties … Continue reading Caparo Industries Plc v Dickman and others: HL 8 Feb 1990
The obligation on a court when sentencing a young offender to take account of the period of time spent in custody, did not amount to an obligation to reduce a sentence to take account of such time. There was no one-to-one equation, and a time in custody of one day might well not affect the … Continue reading R v Inner London Crown Court, Ex P I: QBD 31 May 2000
The claimant was with Stephen Lawrence when they were both attacked and Mr Lawrence killed. He claimed damages for the negligent way the police had dealt with his case, and particularly said that they had failed to assess him as a victim of crime, had failed to provide him with reasonable assistance and support, and … Continue reading Brooks v Commissioner of Police for the Metropolis and others: HL 21 Apr 2005
Appeal from eight months’ imprisonment on one charge of intentionally causing harassment, alarm or distress which was racially aggravated, contrary to section 31(1)(b) of the Crime and Disorder Act 1998 Judges: Lady Justice Macur DBE Mrs Justice Farbey DBE Mr Justice Wall Citations:  EWCA Crim 2014 Links: Bailii Jurisdiction: England and Wales Criminal Sentencing … Continue reading Lander, Regina v: CACD 21 Dec 2021
Parents of children had falsely and negligently been accused of abusing their children. The children sought damages for negligence against the doctors or social workers who had made the statements supporting the actions taken. The House was asked if the suffering of psychiatric injury by the parent was a foreseeable result of making it and … Continue reading JD v East Berkshire Community Health NHS Trust and others: HL 21 Apr 2005
‘Mrs W seeks a Declaration that it is lawful for the sperm of her husband Warren Brewer who died on 7 February 2012 to be stored beyond 18 April 2015 and for a period of up to 55 years until 18 April 2060 so that it can be used by her for the purposes of … Continue reading Warren v Care Fertility (Northampton) Ltd and Another: FD 6 Mar 2014
The appellant, a boy aged 15, had been warned as to admitted indecent assaults on girls. He complained that it had not been explained to him that the result would be that his name would be placed on the sex offenders register. The Chief Constable appealed a decision that this was an interference in his … Continue reading R, Regina (on the Application of) v Durham Constabulary and Another: HL 17 Mar 2005
The prisoner had been sentenced to consecutive terms of imprisonment, one for less, and one for more than 12 months. She disputed the date on which she should be released to home detention under curfew under the Guidance issued by the Secretary of State explaining how the release date should be calculated where longest sentence … Continue reading Noone, Regina (on The Application of) v Governor of HMP Drake Hall and Another: SC 30 Jun 2010
The applicants had been made subject of anti-social behaviour orders. They challenged the basis upon which the orders had been made. Held: The orders had no identifiable consequences which would make the process a criminal one. Civil standards of evidence therefore applied, and hearsay evidence was admissible. Nevertheless, the test as to whether it was … Continue reading Clingham (formerly C (a minor)) v Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea; Regina v Crown Court at Manchester Ex parte McCann and Others: HL 17 Oct 2002
The appellant sought to avoid extradition to the US. He had hacked into 97 US government computers. He argued that the punishment he might expect in the US was completely disproportionate to the offence, and that he had been misled into entering into a plea bargain making the extradition an abuse of process. Held: The … Continue reading McKinnon v The United States of America and Anotherr: HL 30 Jul 2008
Proceedings applying for an anti-social behaviour order, were properly civil proceedings, with civil standards of evidence, and the Human Rights Act provisions relating to criminal proceedings, were not applicable either. The section included acts . .
Both prosecutor and defendant appealed by case stated against decisions of the magistrates. The prosecutor said the magistrates had misdirected themselves on racial aggravation. The defendant appealed against an harassment conviction. . .
The defendant appealed against his conviction for conveying ‘List A’ articles into prison. He said that the proceedings had been a nullity for failure to comply with the requirements of Schedule 3 of the 1998 Act. He had not been notified of the . .
The father sought judicial review of an anti-social behaviour order (ASBO) made in respect of his son.
Held: Although the child’s best interests remained a primary consideration when making such an order, they were not the primary . .
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The court asked whether calling a woman an ‘African bitch’ was capable in law of demonstrating hostility towards the complainant, who came from Sierra Leone, as being a member of a racial group. Held: The meaning of ‘racial group’ was not so tied down by the Act as to be restricted to dictionary definitions. Accordingly … Continue reading Regina v White: CACD 14 Feb 2001
A police officer is as entitled as anybody else not to be racially abused. An arrested person made racist remarks against a police officer, and was convicted of the offence of threatening behaviour, racially aggravated. Even though the appellant might not be racist, her offence passed the custody threshold. Even so a short sentence of … Continue reading Regina v Jacobs: CACD 28 Dec 2000
The appellant sought judicial review of the magistrates’ decision to convict him of the two offences of causing racially aggravated fear or provocation of violence, contrary to section 31(1)(a) of the 1998 Act, and of causing fear or provocation of violence, contrary to section 4 of the 1986 Act. He said that to convict him … Continue reading Dyer, Regina (on The Application of) v Watford Magistrates Court: Admn 16 Jan 2012
The defendant appealed against his conviction. Before he gave evidence, his legal team withdrew for professional embarrassment. He now complained that notwithstanding that he was unrepresented, prosecuting counsel had been permitted to make a closing address. Held: The appeal failed. Rose LJ said: ‘So far as the prosecution’s second speech is concerned, in the light … Continue reading Stovell, Regina v: CACD 12 Jan 2006
The defendant had been convicted in his absence of threating behaviour, but acquitted of racially aggravated threatening behaviour. The prosecutor appealed. On being asked to leave a hospital reception he had cursed the ‘lying Paki doctor’ who had . .
The House was asked whether the use of the phrases ‘bloody foreigners’ and ‘get back to your own country’ counted to make a disturbance created by the defendant a racially aggravated crime.
Held: (Baroness Hale of Richmond) ‘The mischiefs . .
The defendant appealed his conviction for a racially aggravated use of abusive or insulting words or behaviour likely to cause a breach of the peace. The abuse had also an element of aggression because the victim wa a parking attendant.
Held: . .
Whilst in custody in the police station, the defendant was visited by the police surgeon. He was accused of causing racially aggravated harassment, alarm or distress after abusing the doctor. The Crown appealed acceptance of his defence that the . .
The defendant appealed conviction for racially aggravated use of threatening abusive or insulting words or behaviour. She said that apart from the police there was nobody else about to give rise to any risk of distress.
Held: It was a quiet . .
The defendant appealed his conviction for racially aggravated abusive or insulting words or behaviour with intent to cause fear or to provoke violence. He was driving his motorised scooter and came across three Spanish women. In the course of an . .
Refusal of magistrates to make order prohibiting disclosure of child’s name on application for anti-social behaviour order. Judges: Mr Justice Harrison Citations:  EWHC 1933 (Admin) Links: Bailii Statutes: Children and Young Persons Act 1933 39, Crime and Disorder Act 1998 1D Jurisdiction: England and Wales Magistrates, Children Updated: 11 June 2022; Ref: scu.200314
Opium has a considerably lower street value than other class A drugs, including particularly heroine and cocaine. Sentences for possession with intent to supply must reflect this lower value. On a contested case involving 40kg would be 14 years and upwards, and for 4kg was 10 years and upwards. Though equally harmful in principle, there … Continue reading Regina v Behrooz Mashaollahi: CACD 25 Jul 2000
The claimant was detained in a secure Mental Hospital. He complained at the seclusions policy applied by the hospital, saying that it departed from the Guidance issued for such policies by the Secretary of State under the Act. Held: The House allowed the Hospital’s appeal. The policy was lawful. Seclusion was to be seen as … Continue reading Regina v Ashworth Hospital Authority (Now Mersey Care National Health Service Trust) ex parte Munjaz: HL 13 Oct 2005
AG’s appeal against sentence for racially aggravated harassment. Judges: Simon LJ, Goss J, Wait QC HHJ Citations:  EWCA Crim 1500 Links: Bailii Statutes: Crime and Disorder Act 1998 32(1)(b) Jurisdiction: England and Wales Criminal Sentencing Updated: 31 March 2022; Ref: scu.597481
Each defendant had commited a substantive offence, and when sentenced, his sentence hd been accompanied by an anti-social behaviour order. In some cases orders had been made in a form similar to football banning orders, but such orders were not themselves available. Held: The test for seeking an order was one of necessity, in that … Continue reading Boness v Regina; Regina v Bebbington etc: CACD 19 Aug 2005
Whether offence was racially aggravated – charge of using threatening, abusive or insulting words or behaviour within the hearing or sight of a person likely to be caused harassment, alarm or distress which was religiously aggravated in accordance with section 28 of the Crime and Disorder Act 1998, contrary to section 5(1) of the Public … Continue reading Director of Public Prosecutions, Regina (on the Application of) v Humphrey: Admn 20 Apr 2005
The prosecutor had appealed immediately against the judge’s withdrawal of a charge of racially aggravated use of insulting words or behaviour. The judge then ignored his obligation to continue the trial without mentioning the issue to the jury. He said in terms that the charge should not have been brought to the Crown Court. The … Continue reading Regina v SH: CACD 3 Aug 2010
Appeal by way of Case Stated from the decision convicting him for three offences of harassment contrary to s.4A of the Public Order Act 1986 on 1 May 2015. These convictions followed the Appellant’s convictions on 10 April 2015 for three offences of racially aggravated harassment contrary to s.31(1)(b) of Crime and Disorder Act 1998. … Continue reading Henderson v Crown Prosecution Service: Admn 9 Mar 2016
It was sought to extradite the defendant to face trial for two alleged murders. He now challenged the order for his extradition saying that his treatment in Missouri would amount to inhuman or degrading punishment in that if convicted he would face life imprisonment without the chance for parole. Held: The abolition of the death … Continue reading Wellington Regina, (on the Application of) v Secretary of State for the Home Department: HL 10 Dec 2008
Rejection of Submission of No Case to Answer The defendant had faced a charge of affray. The court having rejected his submission of having no case to answer, he had made an exculpatory statement from the dock. He appealed against his conviction. Held: Lord Lane LCJ said: ‘How then should the judge approach a submission … Continue reading Regina v Galbraith: CCA 1981
The defendant appealed against his convictions for sexual assaults. He was aged twelve at the time of the offences, but had been prevented from arguing that he had not known that what he was doing was wrong. The House was asked whether the effect of the 1998 Act was to abolish the entire doctrine of … Continue reading JTB, Regina v: HL 29 Apr 2009
The appellant a BNP member had displayed a large poster in his bedroom window saying ‘Islam out of Britain’. He was convicted of an aggravated attempt to cause alarm or distress. The offence was established on proof of several matters, unless the defendant could establish one of the statutory defences. He argued these should be … Continue reading Norwood v Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 3 Jul 2003
The prosecutor appealed against a successful appeal by the defendant against his conviction for murder. He and an opponent had engaged in a street battle using guns. His opponent had shot an innocent passer by. The court was now asked as to whether the doctrine of transferred malice could be applied alongside that of joint … Continue reading Gnango, Regina v: SC 14 Dec 2011
Appeal against refusal of magistrates to allow witnesses to give evidence from behind screens. . .
The parties had married, but the male partner was a transsexual, having been born female and having undergone treatment for Gender Identity Dysphoria. After IVF treatment, the couple had a child. As the marriage broke down the truth was revealed in . .
A judge should test bad character evidence before allowing it to be put in. Here the judge had allowed evidence relating to a dismissal from employment for a racially related matter to be put in, but those proceedings had been unsatisfactory, and . .
The claimant had been the subject of a raid by armed police on his home. The raid was a mistake. He complained that the English legal system, in rejecting his claim had not allowed him to assert that the police action had been disproportionate.
Breach of anti-social behaviour order. . .