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Nokes v Doncaster Amalgamated Collieries Ltd: HL 1948

A Contract of Service is not a form of property The employee coal miner was prosecuted for absenting himself from work. He was found liable by the justices and appealed. The basis of the appeal was that he had formerly been employed by the Hickleton Mining Company Limited. That had become amalgamated with other companies … Continue reading Nokes v Doncaster Amalgamated Collieries Ltd: HL 1948

Acts

1267 – 1278 – 1285 – 1297 – 1361 – 1449 – 1491 – 1533 – 1677 – 1688 – 1689 – 1700 – 1706 – 1710 – 1730 – 1737 – 1738 – 1751 – 1774 – 1792 – 1793 – 1804 – 1814 – 1819 – 1824 – 1828 – 1831 – 1832 … Continue reading Acts

Herbert Berry Associates Ltd v Inland Revenue Commissioners; re Herbert BerrySP, Regina (on The Application of) v The Lord Chancellor: HL 1977

The principle to the effect that the court should exercise its discretion to restrain a distress levied by a landlord before the commencement of a winding-up only where there were special circumstances rendering it inequitable that he should be permitted to do so, applies also to a distress levied by the Crown under a statutory … Continue reading Herbert Berry Associates Ltd v Inland Revenue Commissioners; re Herbert BerrySP, Regina (on The Application of) v The Lord Chancellor: HL 1977

Re Camburn Petroleum Products Ltd: ChD 1979

The court heard a contributors’ petition. The directors were in deadlock with equal shareholdings. The petition was not making good progress, and a creditor’s petition was then issued. The shareholder sought a stay. Held: There was a sufficient allegation of insolvency in the petition, and it was right that the petition should be allowed to … Continue reading Re Camburn Petroleum Products Ltd: ChD 1979

In re Barleycorn Enterprises Ltd; Mathias and Davies (a Firm) v Down: CA 1970

The property comprised in a floating charge forms part of the assets of a company for the purposes of paying (1) costs and expenses of winding up as well as (2) preferential debts. Phillimore LJ said: ‘Mr Wooton’s submission [for the debenture-holder] . . was that if there were . . assets not covered by … Continue reading In re Barleycorn Enterprises Ltd; Mathias and Davies (a Firm) v Down: CA 1970

Unilever (UK) Holdings Ltd v Smith (Inspector of Taxes): CA 11 Dec 2002

The company entered into an approved scheme of arrangement under which the entire preference shares were cancelled. The company appealed a refusal to recognise the arrangement as a re-organization of the company with a deemed disposal and re-acquisition of the holdings of the shares at market value. Held: It was of the essence of a … Continue reading Unilever (UK) Holdings Ltd v Smith (Inspector of Taxes): CA 11 Dec 2002

Re Bugle Press Ltd: CA 2 Jan 1961

Shareholders with over 90% of the issued shares sought to acquire the remaining shares, and create another company to do so. That company offered to purchase the shares at a valuation. The majority shareholders accepted but the minority shareholder refused. The new company gave notice to exercise the statutory power of compulsory acquisition under the … Continue reading Re Bugle Press Ltd: CA 2 Jan 1961

In re Overseas Aviation Engineering(GB) Ltd: CA 1963

A charging order on land under section 35(1) of the 1956 Act obtained to enforce a judgment debt was a form of ‘execution’ for the purposes of section 325 CA 1948. Lord Denning MR: ‘The word ‘execution’ is not defined in the Act. It is, of course, a word familiar to lawyers. ‘Execution’ means, quite … Continue reading In re Overseas Aviation Engineering(GB) Ltd: CA 1963

Herbert Berry Associates Ltd v Inland Revenue Commissioners: ChD 1976

The collector of taxes distrained on the goods of the company under section 61 TMA 1970 for unpaid taxes and the company entered into a walking possession agreement. Before the collector had sold the goods, and completed the distress, the company entered into voluntary winding-up and a liquidator was appointed. There was a deficiency of … Continue reading Herbert Berry Associates Ltd v Inland Revenue Commissioners: ChD 1976

Herbert Berry Associates Ltd v Inland Revenue Commissioners: CA 2 Jan 1976

The word ‘proceedings’ meant the ‘invocation of the jurisdiction of a court by process other than writ’. Judges: Russell LJ Citations: [1977] 1 WLR 617, [1977] 3 All ER 729, 121 SJ 252 Statutes: Companies Act 1948 Jurisdiction: England and Wales Citing: At ChD – Herbert Berry Associates Ltd v Inland Revenue Commissioners ChD 1976 … Continue reading Herbert Berry Associates Ltd v Inland Revenue Commissioners: CA 2 Jan 1976

Re A Company: CA 1980

The court considered that even when not narrowly construing the word ‘officer’ in the Act, that word meant, in that context, ‘a person in a managerial position in regard to the company’s affairs’ Judges: Lord Denning MR, Shaw and Templeman LJJ Citations: [1980] 1 CA 138 Statutes: Companies Act 1948 Jurisdiction: England and Wales Cited … Continue reading Re A Company: CA 1980

In re a Company (Bond Jewellers): ChD 21 Dec 1983

A tenant company had a propensity for postponing payment of its debts until threatened with litigation. Nourse J felt unable to make an order under section 223(d), and considered, but ultimately did not make an order, on the ‘just and equitable’ ground in section 222(f). The phrase ‘as they fall due’, although not part of … Continue reading In re a Company (Bond Jewellers): ChD 21 Dec 1983

Lehtimaki and Others v Cooper: SC 29 Jul 2020

Charitable Company- Directors’ Status and Duties A married couple set up a charitable foundation to assist children in developing countries. When the marriage failed an attempt was made to establish a second foundation with funds from the first, as part of W leaving the Trust. Court approval was obtained, but the court ordered the remaining … Continue reading Lehtimaki and Others v Cooper: SC 29 Jul 2020

Belmont Finance Corporation Ltd v Williams Furniture Ltd: CA 1979

The company directors operated an elaborate scheme to extract value from Belmont by causing it to buy the shares of a company called Maximum at a considerable overvalue. This was a breach of the fiduciary duties of the directors. They sought to recycle the profit on the sale of Maximum so that it could be … Continue reading Belmont Finance Corporation Ltd v Williams Furniture Ltd: CA 1979

British Eagle International Airlines Ltd v Compagnie National Air France: HL 1975

British Eagle, which had gone into liquidation. The parties disputed a contract attempting to reset the ranking of debts. The House was asked whether there was a debt due to the insolvent company at the commencement of its winding-up, to which the netting-off provisions of the IATA clearing house rules then applied. Held: (bare majority) … Continue reading British Eagle International Airlines Ltd v Compagnie National Air France: HL 1975

In re Gray’s Inn Construction Co Ltd: CA 1980

After the presentation of a petition for the winding up of the company moneys were paid in and out of the company’s bank account which was overdrawn. The liquidator issued a summons for a declaration that the amounts credited and/or debited to the account by the bank during the relevant period constituted dispositions of the … Continue reading In re Gray’s Inn Construction Co Ltd: CA 1980

Re B Johnson and Co (Builders) Ltd: CA 1953

A receiver of property is not managing the mortgagor’s property for the benefit of the mortgagor, but the security, the property of the mortgagee, for the benefit of the mortgagee. Section 333 was a procedural section which created no new cause of action. A case of common law negligence was not within the section. Judges: … Continue reading Re B Johnson and Co (Builders) Ltd: CA 1953

Re Holders Investment Trust: ChD 1971

The court considered an application to reduce the capital of the company by cancelling redeemable preference shares redeemable in 1971, in exchange for unsecured loan stock, redeemable some four to nine years later. The main issue was the propriety of certain holders of both redeemable preference shares and equity stock voting for the proposal motivated … Continue reading Re Holders Investment Trust: ChD 1971

Hely-Hutchinson v Brayhead Ltd: 1968

Directors are required to disclose their interests in contracts with the company: ”It is not contended that [the] section in itself affects the contract. The section merely creates a statutory duty of disclosure and imposes a fine for non-compliance. But it has to be read in conjunction with article [85]. The first sentence of that … Continue reading Hely-Hutchinson v Brayhead Ltd: 1968

Ebrahimi v Westbourne Galleries Ltd and Others (on Appeal from In Re Westbourne Galleries Ltd): HL 3 May 1972

Unfair Prejudice to Minority Shareholder A company had operated effectively as a partnership between two and then three directors. No dividends had been paid, but the directors had received salaries. One director was removed and sought an order for the other to purchase his shares, or alternatively for the company to be wound up on … Continue reading Ebrahimi v Westbourne Galleries Ltd and Others (on Appeal from In Re Westbourne Galleries Ltd): HL 3 May 1972

Liverpool and District Hospital for Diseases of the Heart v Attorney-General: ChD 1981

Charitable Company is Trustee of Assets The court was asked as to the distribution of surplus assets of a charitable company which was in winding up, and the question whether or not s 257 et seq. Companies Act 1948 applied, including s 265 which made provision for the distribution of surplus assets to members. Held: … Continue reading Liverpool and District Hospital for Diseases of the Heart v Attorney-General: ChD 1981

In re Racal Communications Ltd; In Re a Company: HL 3 Jul 1980

Court of Appeal’s powers limited to those Given The jurisdiction of the Court of Appeal is wholly statutory; it is appellate only. The court has no original jurisdiction. It has no jurisdiction itself to entertain any original application for judicial review; it has appellate jurisdiction over judgments and orders of the High Court made by … Continue reading In re Racal Communications Ltd; In Re a Company: HL 3 Jul 1980

Regina v Schildkamp: HL 1971

The defendant was accused of defrauding the company’s creditors. Held: Not guilty. When interpreting a statute, the words of a heading cannot have equal weight with the words of the Act. The courts sometimes have to fill lacunae in legislation. Punctuation could be used as aids in cases of ambiguity as could the long title … Continue reading Regina v Schildkamp: HL 1971

Re Bugle Press Ltd: ChD 1961

Two shareholders held more than 90% of the issued shares of the company. To get rid of the holder of the remaining shares, they incorporated another company for the purpose of acquiring all the shares of the company. The acquiring company offered to . .

Re JN 2 Ltd: ChD 1978

The court will require any dispute as to the status or locus standi of a party to be resolved in separate proceedings before a winding-up petition is heard. The Court highlighted the extent and applicability of Section 224(1) of the 1948 Act, . .

Exel Logistics Ltd v Curran and others: CA 30 Sep 2004

The claimants sought damages for personal injuries after a crash in a Land Rover maintained by the defendants. The defendants appealed findings of negligence in failing properly to inflate the rear tyres, in continuing despite the danger, and poor overtaking. A further fault was identified in that dirt in the front wheel had led to … Continue reading Exel Logistics Ltd v Curran and others: CA 30 Sep 2004

Miller and Another, Regina (on The Application of) v Secretary of State for Exiting The European Union: SC 24 Jan 2017

Parliament’s Approval if statute rights affected In a referendum, the people had voted to leave the European Union. That would require a notice to the Union under Article 50 TEU. The Secretary of State appealed against an order requiring Parliamentary approval before issuing the notice, he saying that the notice could be given under the … Continue reading Miller and Another, Regina (on The Application of) v Secretary of State for Exiting The European Union: SC 24 Jan 2017

Winpar Holdings Ltd v Ransomes Plc: CA 1 Jul 1999

The company had been given permission to cancel a share premium account. Changes in circumstances brought the matter back for reconsideration. Judges: The Lord Chief Justice Of England, Lord Justice Otton And Lord Justice Robert Walker Citations: [1999] EWCA Civ 1732, [1999] 2 BCLC 591, [2000] BCC 455, [1999] EWCA Civ 1732, [2000] BCC 455, … Continue reading Winpar Holdings Ltd v Ransomes Plc: CA 1 Jul 1999

Sainsbury’s Supermarkets Ltd, Regina (on The Application of) v Wolverhampton City Council and Another: SC 12 May 2010

The appellant’s land was to be taken under compulsory purchase by the Council who wished to use it to assist Tesco in the construction of a new supermarket. Tesco promised to help fund restoration of a local listed building. Sainsbury objected an now appealed against the Court of Appeal’s overturning of the orer in its … Continue reading Sainsbury’s Supermarkets Ltd, Regina (on The Application of) v Wolverhampton City Council and Another: SC 12 May 2010

Associated Provincial Picture Houses Ltd v Wednesbury Corporation: CA 10 Nov 1947

Administrative Discretion to be Used Reasonably The applicant challenged the manner of decision making as to the conditions which had been attached to its licence to open the cinema on Sundays. It had not been allowed to admit children under 15 years of age. The statute provided no appeal procedure, and the applicant sought a … Continue reading Associated Provincial Picture Houses Ltd v Wednesbury Corporation: CA 10 Nov 1947

Scott v Bridge and Others: ChD 25 Nov 2020

Claim to recover money and property said to have been transferred by the claimant to the defendants or one or more of them. The money concerned came from a bank account belonging to the claimant. The property concerned consisted of two dwelling-houses, one which the claimant had inherited from her parents, and in which she … Continue reading Scott v Bridge and Others: ChD 25 Nov 2020

In Re Capital Annuities Ltd: ChD 1979

Slade J said: ‘From 1907 onwards, therefore, one species of ‘inability to pay its debts’ specifically recognised by the legislature as a ground for the making of a winding up order in respect of any company incorporated under the Companies Acts was the possession of assets insufficient to meet its existing, contingent and prospective liabilities.’ … Continue reading In Re Capital Annuities Ltd: ChD 1979

Coco v A N Clark (Engineers) Ltd: ChD 1968

Requirememts to prove breach of confidence A claim was made for breach of confidence in respect of technical information whose value was commercial. Held: Megarry J set out three elements which will normally be required if, apart from contract, a case of breach of confidence is to succeed. In this case the information was found … Continue reading Coco v A N Clark (Engineers) Ltd: ChD 1968

Saunders v The United Kingdom: ECHR 17 Dec 1996

(Grand Chamber) The subsequent use against a defendant in a prosecution, of evidence which had been obtained under compulsion in company insolvency procedures was a convention breach of Art 6. Although not specifically mentioned in Article 6 of the Convention the right to silence and the right not to incriminate oneself are generally recognised international … Continue reading Saunders v The United Kingdom: ECHR 17 Dec 1996

Looe Fuels Ltd., Regina (on the Application of) v Looe Harbour Commissioners: Admn 27 Apr 2007

The claimants sought judicial review of a decision of the defendant harbour masters themselves to install and sell from the harbour all fule for use by boats using it, saying that they had no power to operate such an enterprise. Held: Whilst the sale of fuel would assist the town, it was not part of … Continue reading Looe Fuels Ltd., Regina (on the Application of) v Looe Harbour Commissioners: Admn 27 Apr 2007

Lucasfilm Ltd and Others v Ainsworth and Another: SC 27 Jul 2011

The claimant had produced the Star War films which made use of props, in particular a ‘Stormtrooper’ helmet designed by the defendant. The defendant had then himself distributed models of the designs he had created. The appellant obtained judgment against the respondent in the US for punitive damages, but these had not been collected, and … Continue reading Lucasfilm Ltd and Others v Ainsworth and Another: SC 27 Jul 2011

Royal National Lifeboat Institution and Others v Headley and Another: ChD 28 Jul 2016

Beneficiaries’ right to information from estate The claimant charities sought payment of interests under the will following the dropping of two life interests. They now requested various documents forming accounts of the estate. Held: The charities were entitled to some but not to all of the documents sought, including accounts of capital and lists of … Continue reading Royal National Lifeboat Institution and Others v Headley and Another: ChD 28 Jul 2016

Douglas and others v Hello! Ltd and others (No 3): CA 18 May 2005

The principal claimants sold the rights to take photographs of their wedding to a co-claimant magazine (OK). Persons acting on behalf of the defendants took unauthorised photographs which the defendants published. The claimants had retained joint copyright over the photographs and reserved a right to control publication of any particular photographs. In return they made … Continue reading Douglas and others v Hello! Ltd and others (No 3): CA 18 May 2005

Baker v Quantum Clothing Group Ltd and Others: SC 13 Apr 2011

The court was asked as to the liability of employers in the knitting industry for hearing losses suffered by employees before the 1989 Regulations came into effect. The claimant had worked in a factory between 1971 and 2001, sustaining noise induced hearing losses before 1989. The defendant companies now appealed against a finding of liability. … Continue reading Baker v Quantum Clothing Group Ltd and Others: SC 13 Apr 2011

Piglowska v Piglowski: HL 24 Jun 1999

No Presumption of House for both Parties When looking to the needs of parties in a divorce, there is no presumption that both parties are to be left able to purchase alternative homes. The order of sub-clauses in the Act implies nothing as to their relative importance. Courts should be reluctant to allow repeated appeals … Continue reading Piglowska v Piglowski: HL 24 Jun 1999

Philip Owen Lloyd-Wolper v Robert Moore; National Insurance Guarantee Corporation Plc, Charles Moore: CA 22 Jun 2004

The first defendant drove a car belonging to his father and insured by his father. The father consented to the driving but under a mistaken belief that his son was licensed. The claimant was injured by the defendant in a road traffic accident. Held: For insurance purposes, the father could validly permit the driving when … Continue reading Philip Owen Lloyd-Wolper v Robert Moore; National Insurance Guarantee Corporation Plc, Charles Moore: CA 22 Jun 2004

Kleinwort Benson Ltd v Lincoln City Council etc: HL 29 Jul 1998

Right of Recovery of Money Paid under Mistake Kleinwort Benson had made payments to a local authority under swap agreements which were thought to be legally enforceable when made. Subsequently, a decision of the House of Lords, (Hazell v. Hammersmith and Fulham) established that such swap agreements were unlawful. Kleinwort Benson then sought restitution of … Continue reading Kleinwort Benson Ltd v Lincoln City Council etc: HL 29 Jul 1998

law-bytes

Please note (June 2010: that these law-bytes will soon (but not very soon and slowly) be re-organised, and re-posted within the main swarb.co.uk law-blog. This will allow much more powerful crosslinking for users between the various pages. All the existing pages will be left in place, but only the replacements will be updated. Eventually all … Continue reading law-bytes